Appleby-[2705]
(-)
Ammaly (Unknown)-[2706]
(1776-)
John Appleby-[1241]
(Abt 1805-Between 1871)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
Mary Ann Curtis-[1373]

John Appleby-[1241] 3 4 5

  • Born: Abt Jun 1805, Layer DE La Haye, Essex, England, United Kingdom 6 7
  • Marriage: Mary Ann Curtis-[1373] about 1849 1 2
  • Died: Between 1871 and 20 Nov 1884 about age 66 8 9
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bullet  General Notes:

The birth certificate of John Appleby, born 13 Apr 1854 in Layer de la Haye, shows his parents were John Appleby, labourer, and Mary Ann Curtis.

The marriage certificate of John Appleby and Lucy Lee recites name and occupation of John's father as John Appleby (deceased), Agricultural Labourer. The 1871 census for Layer de la Haye shows a John Appelby (ag. lab.) with a 16 year old son named John, whose place of birth in later censuses shows place of birth of Layer de la Haye.

The name APPLEBY is very simple. It's from any one of three places in the UK called Appleby, one in Leicestershire, one in Lincolnshire and one in Westmorland (a county that no longer exists, Westmorland and Cumberland were united into one county called Cumbria in 1974). The name was first recorded in 1163.

The suffix 'by' is an Old Norse word meaning either a dwelling place, farm or village and was introduced by the Viking invaders from Scandinavia who began invading the east coast of Britain in the 8th-9th centuries. The reason so many place names ending in 'by' are found in Eastern and Northern England is because that's where the Vikings established their kingdom, known as the Danelaw. The earlier Anglo-Saxon words for a settlement were 'ham,' 'tun' or 'ton' - hence Birmingham, Nottingham, Northampton, Charlton etc. Places with names like Appleby, Wetherby, Selby, Kirkby, etc are Danish in origin.

Any surname deriving from a place-name means that your ancestor had already left that place around the time that surnames were being adopted. Surnames were a largely Norman innovation in England, so to distinguish John from Appleby from, say, John from York, one would be called John Appleby and the other John York. But this would have happened circa 11th, 12th, 13th centuries. Before then surnames were largely unknown.

The Gazatteer of the British Isles and the Dictionary of English Surnames as cited by Roy Stockdill were sources for this information.


bullet  Birth Notes:

In the 1871 census for Layer de la Hay on the In Hall Green there is a John Appelby, age 66, married ag labourer living with his wife, Mary Ann, age 57, and his son, John, age 16, an ag labourer. All were born in Layer de la Hay.

Birth year is based on age of 66 shown in 1871 census.

In the 1841 census for Layer de la Hay there is a John Appelby, age 35.

bullet  Death Notes:

The certificate for the 1884 marriage of John Appleby and Lucy Lee recites that John's father, also John Appleby, was then deceased.

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bullet  Noted events in his life were:

1. Census, 2 Apr 1871, Layer DE La Haye, Essex, England, United Kingdom. 1

2. Census, 1851, Layer DE La Haye, Essex, England, United Kingdom. 10 11 From source #186, Jeanne Bunting file of portion of index of 1851 Essex census showing Appleby and similar surnames:

APPELBY,John,46,Layer De La Haye,ESS,361,Layer De La Haye
APPELBY,Mary Ann,38,Layer De La Haye,ESS,361,Layer De La Haye
APPELBY,Mary Ann,02,Layer De La Haye,ESS,361,Layer De La Haye
APPELBY,Amelia,-1,Layer De La Haye,ESS,361,Layer De La Haye

3. Census, 7 Jun 1841, Layer DE La Haye, Essex, England, United Kingdom. 12 The 1841 census shows the age as 35 if respondent was 35 years and under 40 years. There is a John Appelby, age 35, Ag. Lab., born in Essex residing in Layer de la Hay on Rows Farm . He was living in the household of Ammaly Appelby, age 65, of independent means, also born in Essex County.

4. Occupation: Agricultural Labourer, After 1871. 8 13


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John married Mary Ann Curtis-[1373] [MRIN: 403], daughter of James Curtis-[3372] and Hannah (Unknown)-[3373], about 1849.1 2 (Mary Ann Curtis-[1373] was born in 1814 in Layer DE La Haye, Essex, England, United Kingdom 14 15 16.)

bullet  Noted events in their marriage were:

1. Census, 12 Apr 1861, Layer DE La Haye, Essex, England, United Kingdom. 16


bullet  Marriage Notes:

Year of marriage is a guess based on the age of their first known child.

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Sources


1 British Crown, 1871 British Census, England, Essex, Layer de la Hay and All Saints, Stanway (Public Record Office, Registration District 10, 1691 LDS film # 0829970 as of Sunday, April 2nd). Surety: 3

2 Ian Campbell 71703,164 CompuServe, E-Mail dated 21 Aug 1996 from Ian Campbell to Don Appleby (Don E. Appleby), Confirms marriage at birth of son John. Surety: 3

3 The Geographical Institute, 12 Duncan St., Edenburgh EH9 ITA Scotland, Gazetteer of the British Isles (John Bartholomew & Son Ltd, Edinburgh, 9th Edition 1943, reprinted 1972 with Summary of 1971 Census c 1971 SBN 85152 8406, repository at Family History Center in Los Alamitos.), Existence of places called Appleby. Surety: 3

4 Ibid, Origin and meaning of suffix 'by'. Surety: 3

5 Stockdill, Roy, ID#100663,234, Derivation and History of Name, Appleby. (CompuServe Roots Forum, Societies-Librarys Section, Subject: Dictionary of English Surnames, Message No.: 768612, dated 11-Mar-1996 and Message No.: 769123, dated 12-Mar-1996.), Derivation of Appleby name. Surety: 3

6 British Crown, 1851 British census for Layer de la Haye (Public Record Office Reference H.O. 107/1789, folio 370). Surety: 0

7 British Crown, 1841 Census of Layer de la Hay, Essex, England for Appleby, Curtis and some Gentry (LDS film #0241379, Public Record Office 145, H.O. 107 / 342 transcribed 9-18-96 by Don E. Appleby at Los Alamitos, California, Family History Center.), LDS film #0241379, Public Record Office 145, H.O. 107 / 342. Repository: Public Record Office, London, England, United Kingdom, Call Number:Parish of Layer-de-la-Hay, Registrar's District of Stanway. Surety: 0

8 McKiernan, Mike, 100430,1566, E-Mail message to Don E. Appleby citing marriage certificate for John APPLEBY and Lucy LEE. (CompuServe E-Mail message dated 15-Mar-96 10:44). Surety: 3

9 Brightlingsea Independent Chapel, Certified Copy of an Entry of Marriage for John APPLEBY and Lucy LEE on 10 Nov 1884 (General Register Office, England, 7 Mar 1996), Marriage certificate of John Appleby and Lucy Lee. Surety: 3

10 Jeanne Bunting, E-mail message about the 1851/1861 Census for Layer de la Haye (CompuServe). Surety: 3

11 Jeanne Bunting, File from Jeanne Bunting representing portion of index of 1851 census of Essex containing Appleby and similar surnames. (CompuServe). Surety: 3

12 British Crown, 1841 Census of Layer de la Hay, Essex, England for Appleby, Curtis and some Gentry (LDS film #0241379, Public Record Office 145, H.O. 107 / 342 transcribed 9-18-96 by Don E. Appleby at Los Alamitos, California, Family History Center.) Repository: Public Record Office, London, England, United Kingdom, Call Number:Parish of Layer-de-la-Hay, Registrar's District of Stanway. Surety: 3

13 Brightlingsea Independent Chapel, Certified Copy of an Entry of Marriage for John APPLEBY and Lucy LEE on 10 Nov 1884 (General Register Office, England, 7 Mar 1996). Surety: 3

14 British Crown, 1871 British Census, England, Essex, Layer de la Hay and All Saints, Stanway (Public Record Office, Registration District 10, 1691 LDS film # 0829970 as of Sunday, April 2nd), Confirmation of year of birth. Surety: 3

15 Ian Campbell 71703,164 CompuServe, E-Mail dated 21 Aug 1996 from Ian Campbell to Don Appleby (Don E. Appleby), Confirmation of maiden name of Curtis. Surety: 3

16 John Appleby household, 1861 British, Layer de la Hay, Essex, England, ED 3C, Stanway; Archive CD Books The Census of England (images), Essex, CD 7, image 58. ID: 573, CD 7, image 58. Repository: Don's CD Collection, Call Number:Essex 1861 Census. Surety: 2

Explanation of Surety Levels

Compiled by Don Evan Appleby from the sources noted.
Send E-mail to deappleby@donevanappleby.com

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Last update May 22, 2006


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